The Pardu

The Pardu
Watchful eyes and ears feed the brain, thus nourishing the brain cells.

Saturday, December 14, 2013

Minimum Wage...Time For A Change!


While wealth has a relationship to the health of the nation and a special relationship to regions of the country, it also is worth watching to see where wealth is most absent. In more simple terms, if you look at an illustration of wealth you will also find a visual of poverty. While the federal minimum wage isn't a guaranteed stairway of out poverty, the higher hourly rate will offer opportunity to equal of surpass the establish poverty level.

Federal Minimum Wage $7.25 per hour X theoretical 2080 annual work hours (40 hour week times 52 weeks) = $15,080 per year. 

Of course, many low wage earners do not have the opportunity and privilege to work a full 40 our work week. Perspective on $15,080 on the high side for the wager earner?  If the worker is single and believe with Mom and Dad the annual $15,080 may work very well. Once the unmarried worker moves family-life, the scenario worsens exponentially.
The Institute for Research and Poverty- University Wisconsin- Madison
What are poverty thresholds and poverty guidelines?
Values of the poverty thresholds for the years since 1980 for families of different sizes are available on the Census Bureau's website. The most recent values of the poverty thresholds are provided in the table below. For example, a four-person family with two adults and two children is poor with annual cash income below $23,283; the threshold for a four-person family with a single parent and three children is $23,364.
U.S. Census Bureau Poverty Thresholds, 2012
Size of Family UnitPoverty Threshold
One person (unrelated individual)$11,720
  Under age 6511,945
  Age 65 or older11,011
Two people14,937
  Householder under age 6515,450
  Householder age 65 or older13,892
Three people18,284
Four people23,492
Five people27,827
Six people31,471
Seven people35,743
Eight people39,688
Nine people or more47,297
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Weighted 
Sadly, the older worker who must supplement low Social Security payments if they lived a life of a low income earner. A part-time job is probably a requirement unless there worker has significant other with social Security payments. Pre-65 years old are relegated to overwhelming poverty, or they are forced to work two or more jobs. For the pre-65 years old minimum wage working family, everybody works. 

We would be remiss if we did not state many states have state minimum wage rates that exceed the federal wage rate.  

Despite a fairly common dissing of, or dismissive, towards, WIKI, we occasionally find it a useful information source. A review of poverty by state is easily accomplished via Wiki and the data seems accurate. Moreover, the data is source linked.


List of U.S. states by poverty rate


Map of poverty rate in the United States in 2008.
Legend:
  <6>
  6%-7.5%
  7.5%-9%
  9%-10.5%
  10.5%-12%
  12%-13.5%
  13.5%-15%
  15%-16.5%
  >16.5%

This article is a list of the 50 United States of America (U.S.) states, also including the District of Columbia, ordered by poverty rate. 2009 statistics are not identical to official poverty rates because they include children not counted in the official numbers (see Revised Tables link below). Supplemental Poverty Measure takes into account differences in cost of living between states (i.e. housing costs appreciably higher/lower than the national average). All data are from the United States Census Bureau.


This 
Wiki link navigates  to table that speaks volumes about poverty; where it exist, to what extent it exists and the data is ranked 1 - 50 states.  We ask that you pay close attention to the lowest 39 - 50 impoverished states and the top 1 - 20 states with the lowest poverty rate. Looks like a tabled map of the GOP. The table is "quick view" illustrated via the map above.

The rational mind recognizes geographic regions that consistently support the GOP suffer the most poverty. If we take that last statement to a very basic splurge of logic, we might come to the conclusion the lowest 50 states in the table would have the highest need for a minimum wage above $7.25 per hour. 

Of course, raising the minimum wage would induce instant heartburn among the majority of American corporatist; thus the GOP's lack of interest in raising the rate. The Republicans are so averse to any conditions that impact the revenue streams of big business, they saddle their loyal constituents with permanent blankets of poverty. Contributions from Big Business obvious outweighs GOP concern for their constituents. The GOP may have surveyed into the prospect, people who suffer from stifling poverty may not actually exist as vote risks. We wonder if they comprise the 40% of voters who never vote in elections (General, mid-term or local). 

Quick hits on the Minimum wage experience in America. do not fret, we have also found race related information as we review the Minimum Wage. It appears many authorities look at minimum wage without looking at the fact minorities are disproportionately affected by the minimum wage.



  Thumbnail image for BLS_Minimum_Wage_Education.PNG
Women's Share of Low-Wage and Overall Workforces

Women Gain Low-Income Jobs


In 2012, the 73.5 million US workers age 16 and older hourly paid employees represented 59.0% of all wage and salaried employees. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics 3.6 million of those workers earn at the prevail federal  minimum  wage rate ($7.25 per hour) or less. 


A few BLS minimum wage facts:






  • Minimum wage workers tend to be young. Although workers under age 25 represented only about one-fifth of hourly paid workers, they made up about half of those paid the Federal minimum wage or less. Among employed teenagers paid by the hour, about 21 percent earned the minimum wage or less, compared with about 3 percent of workers age 25 and over. (See table 1 and table 7.) 



  • In 2012, 6 percent of women paid hourly rates had wages at or below the prevailing federal minimum, compared with about 3 percent of men. (See table 1.) 



  • About 5 percent of White, Black, and Hispanic or Latino hourly paid workers earned the federal minimum wage or less. Among Asian workers paid at hourly rates, about 3 percent earned the minimum wage or less. (See table 1.) 



  • Among hourly paid workers age 16 and over, about 10 percent of those who had less than a high school diploma earned the federal minimum wage or less, compared with about 4 percent of those who had a high school diploma (with no college) and about 2 percent of college graduates. (See table 6.) 



  • Never-married workers, who tend to be young, were more likely than married workers to earn the federal minimum wage or less (about 8 percent versus about 2 percent). (See table 8.) 



  • About 11 percent of part-time workers (persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week) were paid the federal minimum wage or less, compared with about 2 percent of full-time workers. (See table 1 and table 9.)



  • By major occupational group, the highest proportion of hourly paid workers earning at or below the federal minimum wage was in service occupations, at about 12 percent. About three-fifths of workers earning the minimum wage or less in 2012 were employed in service occupations, mostly in food preparation and serving related jobs. (See table 4.)  



  • The industry with the highest proportion of workers with hourly wages at or below the federal minimum wage was leisure and hospitality (about 19 percent). About half of all workers paid at or below the federal minimum wage were employed in this industry, the vast majority in restaurants and other food services. For many of these workers, tips and commissions supplement the hourly wages received. (See table 5.) 



  • The states with the highest proportions of hourly paid workers earning at or below the federal minimum wage were Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas, and Idaho (all between 7 and 8 percent). The states with the lowest percentages of hourly paid workers earning at or below the federal minimum wage were Alaska, Oregon, California, Montana, and Washington (all under 2 percent). It should be noted that some states have minimum wage laws establishing standards that exceed the federal minimum wage. (See table 2 and table 3.) 



  • The proportion of hourly paid workers earning the prevailing federal minimum wage or less declined from 5.2 percent in 2011 to 4.7 percent in 2012. This remains well below the figure of 13.4 percent in 1979, when data were first collected on a regular basis. (See table 10.) 

  • The rational person would think the public is not only aware of the need for consideration of raising the Minimum Wage, one might also believe we are educated on the issue. Well, according to the following set of information, we (as a nation) are not aware of Minimum Wage as an issue. 

    income-distribution-in-america-chart


    http://youtu.be/QPKKQnijnsM




    Published on Nov 20, 2012


    Infographics on the distribution of wealth in America, highlighting both the inequality and the difference between our perception of inequality and the actual numbers. The reality is often not what we think it is.

    As surely as most in the nation know the $7.25 per hour Minimum Wage is inhumanely low, there are some who refuse to even acknowledge the issue. Here is a prime example: John Boehner.  While we are here let's at the tip of the abscess of GOP Congressional obstruction: John Boehner

    Of course, Boehner is a GOP Leader in Congress and serves as the visible part of the infection. The following table clearly illustrates the remainder of the GOP infection among the GOP and American conservatives as the infection relations to the Minimum Wage. The chart also suggests survey respondents could not have included many Americans who were considered in the charts at the top of this piece.

    minwage-poll

    US conservatism and the Republican Party has proven they are not good managers of the US economy. 

    http://www.occupydemocrats.com/....



    Many have continued to nurture affinity for supply-side (Trickle-down) economics with no regard for its earth-shattering failure since Ronald Reagan and his team first uttered the words.  They relish the reality of supply-side as it actually trickles-up not down. Yet, consideration of increasing the minimum wage is tantamount to stopping GOP voter suppression and their so obvious war on women.

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