The Pardu

The Pardu
Watchful eyes and ears feed the brain, thus nourishing the brain cells.

Monday, October 22, 2018

American Totalitarianism?




First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out 
— Because I was not a Socialist.
Then they came for the Trade Unionists, and I did not speak out 
— Because I was not a Trade Unionist. 
Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out 
— Because I was not a Jew.  
Martin Niemöller (1893-1984) was a German Protestant who spent seven years in Nazi concentration camps for opposing the religious policies of Hitler. After the war, he became a prominent member of the Peace Movement. He achieved renown for his poem 'First they came for the Communists…'
  
January 1945, shows a group of children wearing concentration camp uniforms behind barbed wire fencing at Auschwitz. 



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The ugly manifestations of authoritarianism and its bundled subsets. 

No one better than Newt Gingrich for embodying the essence of modern Republicanism. Recall his wife was given he glamorous and cushy job of Ambassador to the Vatican.

The wondering Trump demagogue stated:
“Let me be as blunt and direct as I can be. Western civilization is in a war. We should frankly test every person here who is of a Muslim background, and if they believe in sharia, they should be deported,” Gingrich said on Fox News. “Sharia is incompatible with Western civilization. Modern Muslims who have given up Sharia—glad to have them as citizens. Perfectly happy to have them next door.”
Gingrich is one Trump demagogue, yet he as an individual pales when compared with what seems a GOP core value with fissures in whiter nationalism and bold racism. The GOP has its racist flag wavers such as Steve King of Iowa. But, we suggest much deeper scrutiny of what the Party on the Right has come to via evolution post-Ronald Reagan's open racists Southern Strategy politics. 

Example.  How often have we heard or read defective strategy from the GOP which clearly intended to mirror reflect the actions of the party? Trump consistently overuses the strategy, a method of mind shaping which spans back to other totalitarian leaders in modern history. 

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Before the Atlantic piece, allow a couple of comments about two article headings.

A. "Aryanization"

While well over the of the nation refuse to accept obvious white nationalism and racism deeply inbred in the current GOP, the facts support clear core values of distrust and aversions to all things nonwhite with extreme denizens who openly practice racism and anti-Semitism. One such purveyor of such nationalism was once employed in the White House and served as a chief adviser to Trump.

On a more street level, we are seeing groups like the Proud Boys, the so-called (white racists) Alt-right, and various splinter organizations with goals embed in white supremacy. 

PBS: 

GOP faces identity crisis as some candidates stoke racial divide | PBS ...


The Independent UK

Why are racists flocking to join the Republican Party? | The Independent


And there is this from the lowest in the gutter. Linked here.
B. The Propaganda Ministry and the Reich Press Chamber

The one is simple and quick: Fox News, Steve Miler, Spencer Media, and a former Fox News head on the big-wig in the White House communications Dept. 


The dangers inherent in Trumpism far exceed Trump himself and his inner cabal. The danger is the American electorate; people who refused to vote in 2016 and people who actually voted for Trump. In other cases, a sorry lot of low information celebrity worshippers who probably serve as Trump's: a sucker is born every minute.

Yale Professor Timothy Snyder recently supported his case regarding Trumpism close resemblance to Germany 1926 - 1945.
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The Atlantic

“Let me be as blunt and direct as I can be. Western civilization is in a war. We should frankly test every person here who is of a Muslim background, and if they believe in sharia, they should be deported,” Gingrich said on Fox News. “Sharia is incompatible with Western civilization. Modern Muslims who have given up Sharia—glad to have them as citizens. Perfectly happy to have them next door.”


<p>German boys read an issue of <em>Der Stuermer</em> newspaper posted in a display box at the entrance to a Nazi Party headquarters in the Dresden region. The German slogan (partially obscured) at the bottom of the display box reads, "The Jews are our misfortune."</p>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum logo

THE PRESS IN THE THIRD REICH

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Establishing Control of the Press

When Adolf Hitler took power in 1933, the Nazis controlled less than three percent of Germany’s 4,700 papers.
The elimination of the German multi-party political system brought about the demise of hundreds of newspapers produced by outlawed political parties. It also allowed the state to seize the printing plants and equipment of the Communist and Social Democratic Parties, which were often turned over directly to the Nazi Party. In the following months, the Nazis established control or exerted influence over independent press organs.
During the first weeks of 1933, the Nazi regime deployed the radio, press, and newsreels to stoke fears of a pending “Communist uprising,” then channeled popular anxieties into political measures that eradicated civil liberties and democracy. SA (Storm Troopers) and members of the Nazi elite paramilitary formation, the SS, took to the streets to brutalize or arrest political opponents and incarcerate them in hastily established detention centers and concentration camps. Nazi thugs broke into opposing political party offices, destroying printing presses and newspapers.
Sometimes using holding companies to disguise new ownership, executives of the Nazi Party-owned publishing house, Franz Eher, established a huge empire that drove out competition and purchased newspapers at below-market prices. Some independent newspapers, particularly conservative newspapers and non-political illustrated weeklies, accommodated to the regime through self-censorship or initiative in dealing with approved topics.

"Aryanization"

Through measures to “Aryanize” businesses, the regime also assumed control of Jewish-owned publishing companies, notably Ullstein and Mosse.
Ullstein, which published the well-known Berlin daily the Vossische Zeitung, was the largest publishing house company in Europe by 1933, employing 10,000 people. In 1933, German officials forced the Ullstein family to resign from the board of the company and, a year later, to sell the company assets.
Owners of a worldwide advertising agency, the Mosse family owned and published a number of major liberal papers much hated by the Nazis, including the Berlin Tageblatt; the Mosse family fled Germany the day after Hitler took power. Fearing imprisonment or death, reputable journalists also began to flee the country in large numbers. German non-Jewish newspaper owners replaced them in part with ill-trained and inexperienced amateurs loyal to the Nazi Party, as well as with skilled and veteran journalists prepared to collaborate with the regime in order to maintain and even enhance their careers.

The Propaganda Ministry and the Reich Press Chamber

The Propaganda Ministry, through its Reich Press Chamber, assumed control over the Reich Association of the German Press, the guild which regulated entry into the profession. Under the new Editors Law of October 4, 1933, the association kept registries of “racially pure” editors and journalists, and excluded Jews and those married to Jews from the profession. Propaganda Ministry officials expected editors and journalists, who had to register with the Reich Press Chamber to work in the field, to follow the mandates and instructions handed down by the ministry. In paragraph 14 of the law, the regime required editors to omit anything “calculated to weaken the strength of the Reich abroad or at home.”
The Propaganda Ministry aimed further to control the content of news and editorial pages through directives distributed in daily conferences in Berlin and transmitted via the Nazi Party propaganda offices to regional or local papers. Detailed guidelines stated what stories could or could not be reported and how to report the news. Journalists or editors who failed to follow these instructions could be fired or, if believed to be acting with intent to harm Germany, sent to a concentration camp. Rather than suppressing news, the Nazi propaganda apparatus instead sought to tightly control its flow and interpretation and to deny access to alternative sources of news.

Toward the End of World War II

By 1944, a shortage of newspaper and ink forced the Nazi government to limit all newspapers first to eight, then four, and finally, two pages. Of the 4,700 newspapers published in Germany when the Nazis took power in 1933, no more that 1,100 remained. Approximately half were still in the hands of private or institutional owners, but these newspapers operated in strict compliance with government press laws and published material only in accordance with directives issued by the Ministry of Propaganda. While the circulation of these newspapers was approximately 4.4 million, the circulation of the 325 newspapers and their multiple regional editions owned by the Nazi Party was 21 million. Many of these newspapers continued to publish until the end of the war.
Upon occupying Germany, Allied authorities shut down and confiscated presses owned by Nazi Party organs. The last surviving German radio station, located in Flensberg, near the Danish border, made its final broadcast in the name of the National Socialist state on May 9, 1945. After reporting the news of the unconditional capitulation of German forces to the Allies, it went off the air.

After the War

In the postwar US occupation zone of Germany, the military administration believed that the reestablishment of a free press was vital to the denazification and reeducation of Germans, and essential to the creation of democracy in Germany. Therefore, the first German newspaper approved for publication by the US military high command appeared on January 24, 1945, in Aachen, three months after the US forces captured the city.
Among those tried by the Allies as major war criminals at the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg were Hans Fritzsche, head of the Radio Division of the Propaganda Ministry, and Julius Streicher, editor of Der Stürmer.
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They will soon come for you......

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