The Pardu

The Pardu
Watchful eyes and ears feed the brain, thus nourishing the brain cells.
Showing posts with label Abraham Lincoln. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Abraham Lincoln. Show all posts

Monday, March 9, 2015

A Long Time Past, Ugly, But US History Nonetheless


http://www.thenation.com/blog/171920/largest-mass-execution-us-history-150-years-ago-today
                      

The great "Emancipator" left a history of barbarism in support of the unscrupulous. Abe Lincoln signed an order to execute 39 (38 actually hung by the neck) after the Sioux tribesman sought their rightful food allotment.


"Largest mass hanging in United States history"


What brought about the hanging of 38 Sioux Indians in Minnesota December 26, 1862 was the failure "again" of the U.S. Government to honor it's treaties with Indian Nations. Indians were not given the money or food set forth to them for signing a treaty to turn over more than a million acres of their land and be forced to live on a reservation.

Indian agents keep the treaty money and food that was to go to the Indians, the food was sold to White settlers, food that was given to the Indians was spoiled and not fit for a dog to eat. Indian hunting parties went off the reservation land looking for food to feed their families, one hunting group took eggs from a White settlers land and the rest is history.



Lincoln
Text of Order to General Sibley, St. Paul Minnesota:

"Ordered that of the Indians and Half-breeds sentenced to be hanged by the military commission, composed of Colonel Crooks, Lt. Colonel Marshall, Captain Grant, Captain Bailey, and Lieutenant Olin, and lately sitting in Minnesota, you cause to be executed on Friday the nineteenth day of December, instant, the following names, to wit [39 names listed by case number of record: cases 2, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 19, 22, 24, 35, 67, 68, 69, 70, 96, 115, 121, 138, 155, 170, 175, 178, 210, 225, 254, 264, 279, 318, 327, 333, 342, 359, 373, 377, 382, 383].


The other condemned prisoners you will hold subject to further orders, taking care that they neither escape, nor are subjected to any unlawful violence.


Abraham Lincoln,
President of the United States"



"On December 6 (1862) President Lincoln notified Sibley that he should "cause to be executed" thirty-nine of the 303 convicted Santees, Execution date was the 26th of December.  At the last minute, one Indian was given a reprieve. About ten o'clock the thirty-eight condemned men were marched from the prison to the scaffold.  They sang the Sioux death song until soldiers pulled white caps over their heads and placed nooses around their necks.  At a signal from an army officer, the control rope was cut and thirty-eight Santee Sioux dangled lifeless in the air.

A spectator boasted that this was
"America's greatest
public execution."
Dec 27 1862 (Saturday)



SAINT PAUL, December 27, 1862. The PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: I have the honor to inform you that the thirty-eight Indians and half-breeds ordered by you for execution were hung yesterday at Mankato at 10 a.m. Everything went off quietly and the other prisoners are well secured. Respectfully, H. H. SIBLEY, Brigadier-General.

Let's close with an authentic image of the hanging victims and comment from a Facebook associate.





This picture is of 39 men that were ordered to be executed by Abraham Lincoln for treaty violations(hunting off of their assigned reservation)Yes the "Great Emancipator" as the history books so fondly referred to him as. Authorities in Minnesota asked President Lincoln to order the immediate execution of all 303 Indian males found guilty. Lincoln was concerned with how this would play with the Europeans, whom he was afraid were about to enter the war on the side of the South. He offered the following compromise to the politicians of Minnesota: They would pare the list of those to be hung down to 39. In return, Lincoln promised to kill or remove every Indian from the state and provide Minnesota with 2 million dollars in federal funds. 
So, on December 26, 1862, the "Great Emancipator" ordered the largest mass execution in American History, where the guilt of those to be executed was entirely in doubt. Regardless of how Lincoln defenders seek to play this, it was nothing more than murder to obtain the land of the Santee Sioux and to appease his political cronies in Minnesota. 
You have no idea the things that are hidden from you with the textbooks assigned to you as a child by your government. 
Stay mindful people, be aware....in the age of information being ignorant is indeed a choice. Goodnight everyone
Lynched for standing-up against hunger and against what would have been right. Lynched with presidential approval.
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Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Rand Paul's Racist Staffer And Adviser Leaves the "Camp"; On The Surface (ONLY)


On July 22, Joan Walsh reported on the resignation of Rand Paul's resident racist adviser Jack Hunter.

    

 TEA PARTY AND THE RIGHT  

Paul's aide Jack Hunter says he’s leaving to protect his boss and clear his own name -- but there's plenty of reason not to buy it. 


Rand Paul's White Supremacy Double Game


Jack Hunter, the Rand Paul social media staffer who wrote columns attacking Abraham Lincoln and defending Southern secession under the name “Southern Avenger,” tells the Daily Caller that he’s leaving the senator’s staff and returning to punditry to clear his name and avoid dimming Paul’s rising star. Even though Paul defended Hunter when the Washington Free Beacon broke the news of his long career of neo-Confederate race-baiting, Hunter says he must leave the senator’s payroll “to avenge his own honor,” the right-wing site reports.

Did Hunter say "clear his name?" Whatever happened to avowed racist who proudly wore their mindset and beliefs as a "Red Badge of Courage?" Does Hunter think for one second that intelligent people believe he will not be active in Rand Paul's political aspirations between now and 2016. It is hard to get a barometer on a party and political ideology with denizens who will openly show their racism (e.g. Rick Santorum's BLAH PEOPLE) only to comeback a day later with inane qualifiers ,disclaimers or apologies. 

Rand Paul often shows a basic lack of sensibility (and street cred) regarding matter of race and ethnicity. We believe his beliefs are as clear a s picture of his father and the reality that "apples do not fall far from the tree." Yet, Paul cloaks himself, as does Hunter (above), only with an invisible icon of the confederacy and American racism. 

If Ron Paul frequently allowed himself to be photographed with white supremacist and members of the KKK, why for once second wouldn't people other than the insane not know Rand Paul's ilk?

He publicly shaves off an avowed racist adviser and staffer, only to move him into the shadows where racist work best. I learned early in life there is infection below that zit. Ridding one's elf of the zit does not always cleanse the infection. Rand Paul is infected to the core with the very same libertarian neo-conservatism which afflicts his father. Cloaking Hunter (in the background) like a Ku Klux Klan to shield his influence and cover his identity does not mean he is gone from the Rand Paul brain trust.
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Wednesday, February 6, 2013

Native American - Honoring our Ancestors, Culture Spirituality: A Place In US History


Cross posted from Native American - Honoring Our Ancestors, Culture & Spirituality

Photo: Mt. Rushmore - The Faces of Disgrace to Native & Indigenous Peoples

Mt. Rushmore is a desecration of our Sacred Mother Earth and a slap in the face of Lakota peoples everywhere. Documents have stated that Mt. Rushmore in the Black Hills of South Dakota is a shrine to democracy. As you read further, you will find that American was founded on the blood and lives of Native peoples. We question what type of democracy this shrine represents.
Those four faces carved on stolen Native lands supposedly represent the four most notable presidents in United States history. With their ideals and values defined through the study of Iroquois society, America's founding fathers are indebted to the Lakota and all Native peoples for their mere existence. 
The four founding forefathers, whose faces are so intricately carved into the rock all shared the same common characteristics. All four valued white supremacy and promoted the extirpation of Native society. Extirpation means: to become extinct. Extinction means that a species (Natives) have completely disappeared from the face of the earth i.e., GONE forever.
Our founding forefathers were staunchly anti-Indian advocates in that at one time or another, all four provided for the genocide against Native and Indigenous peoples of this hemisphere. Here they are:

George Washington...
In 1783, Washington's anti-Indian sentiments were apparent in his comparisons of Indians with wolves: "Both being beast of prey, though they differ in shape", he said. George Washington's policies of extermination were realized in his troops behaviors following a defeat. Troops would skin the bodies of Iroquois "from the hips downward to make boot tops or leggings". Indians who survived the attacks later re-named the nation's first president as "Town Destroyer". Approximately 28 of 30 Seneca towns had been destroyed within a five year period.

Thomas Jefferson...
In 1807, Thomas Jefferson instructed his War Department that, should any Indians resist against America stealing Indian lands, the Indian resistance must be met with "the hatchet". Jefferson continued, "And...if ever we are constrained to lift the hatchet against any tribe, " he wrote, "we will never lay it down till that tribe is exterminated, or is driven beyond the Mississippi." Jefferson, the slave owner, continued, "in war, they will kill some of us; we shall destroy all of them".
Abraham Lincoln...
In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln ordered the execution, by hanging, of 38 Dakota Sioux prisoners in Mankato, Minnesota. Most of those executed were spiritual men or political leaders of their tribe. None of them were responsible for committing the crimes they were accused of. This one act is deemed as the "Largest Mass Execution in U.S. History."

Theodore Roosevelt...
The fourth face you see carved on that rock is America's 1st  twentieth century president, an alleged American hero, and a Nobel peace prize recipient, Theodore Roosevelt. This Indian fighter firmly grasped the notion of Manifest Destiny saying that America's extermination of the Indians and thefts of their lands "was ultimately beneficial as it was inevitable". Roosevelt once said, "I don't go so far as to think that the only good Indians are dead Indians, but I believe nine out of ten are, and I shouldn't like to inquire too closely into the case of the tenth".

The apathy displayed by these founding fathers symbolize the demoralization related to racial superiority. Scholars point toward this racial polarization as evidence of the existence of Eugenics. Eugenics is a term for an old phenomena which asserts that Indian people should be exterminated because they are an inferior race of people.

Jefferson's suggestion to pursue the Indians to complete extermination. Since they were uttered by one of America's founding fathers, they conveniently have become lost to most historians in their insistent celebration of Jefferson's wisdom and humanity.

Roosevelt feared that American upper classes were being replaced by the "unrestricted breeding" of inferior racial stocks, the "utterly shiftless", and the "worthless".....




Mt. Rushmore - The Faces of Disgrace to Native & Indigenous Peoples

Mt. Rushmore is a desecration of our Sacred Mother Earth and a slap in the face of Lakota peoples everywhere. Documents have stated that Mt. Rushmore in the Black Hills of South Dakota is a shrine to democracy. As you read further, you will find that American was founded on the blood and lives of Native peoples. We question what type of democracy this shrine represents.

Those four faces carved on stolen Native lands supposedly represent the four most notable presidents in United States history. With their ideals and values defined through the study of Iroquois society, America's founding fathers are indebted to the Lakota and all Native peoples for their mere existence.

The four founding forefathers, whose faces are so intricately carved into the rock all shared the same common characteristics. All four valued white supremacy and promoted the extirpation of Native society. Extirpation means: to become extinct. Extinction means that a species (Natives) have completely disappeared from the face of the earth i.e., GONE forever.

Our founding forefathers were staunchly anti-Indian advocates in that at one time or another, all four provided for the genocide against Native and Indigenous peoples of this hemisphere. Here they are:

George Washington...
In 1783, Washington's anti-Indian sentiments were apparent in his comparisons of Indians with wolves: "Both being beast of prey, though they differ in shape", he said. George Washington's policies of extermination were realized in his troops behaviors following a defeat. Troops would skin the bodies of Iroquois "from the hips downward to make boot tops or leggings". Indians who survived the attacks later re-named the nation's first president as "Town Destroyer". Approximately 28 of 30 Seneca towns had been destroyed within a five year period.

Thomas Jefferson...
In 1807, Thomas Jefferson instructed his War Department that, should any Indians resist against America stealing Indian lands, the Indian resistance must be met with "the hatchet". Jefferson continued, "And...if ever we are constrained to lift the hatchet against any tribe, " he wrote, "we will never lay it down till that tribe is exterminated, or is driven beyond the Mississippi." Jefferson, the slave owner, continued, "in war, they will kill some of us; we shall destroy all of them".

Abraham Lincoln...
In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln ordered the execution, by hanging, of 38 Dakota Sioux prisoners in Mankato, Minnesota. Most of those executed were spiritual men or political leaders of their tribe. None of them were responsible for committing the crimes they were accused of. This one act is deemed as the "Largest Mass Execution in U.S. History."

Theodore Roosevelt...
The fourth face you see carved on that rock is America's 1st twentieth century president, an alleged American hero, and a Nobel peace prize recipient, Theodore Roosevelt. This Indian fighter firmly grasped the notion of Manifest Destiny saying that America's extermination of the Indians and thefts of their lands "was ultimately beneficial as it was inevitable". Roosevelt once said, "I don't go so far as to think that the only good Indians are dead Indians, but I believe nine out of ten are, and I shouldn't like to inquire too closely into the case of the tenth".

The apathy displayed by these founding fathers symbolize the demoralization related to racial superiority. Scholars point toward this racial polarization as evidence of the existence of Eugenics. Eugenics is a term for an old phenomena which asserts that Indian people should be exterminated because they are an inferior race of people.

Jefferson's suggestion to pursue the Indians to complete extermination. Since they were uttered by one of America's founding fathers, they conveniently have become lost to most historians in their insistent celebration of Jefferson's wisdom and humanity.

Roosevelt feared that American upper classes were being replaced by the "unrestricted breeding" of inferior racial stocks, the "utterly shiftless", and the "worthless".....
_________________________


We Thank Native American - Honoring our Ancestors, Culture & Spirituality for permission to share their screeds. First Nation Indigenous People deserve a far greater share in US History than has been given via those who shaped our written history.


Those same people wrote history books, developed video, and promulgated a history that fit their beliefs systems, paradigm and their views of life. Life that excludes equality for people of color and in many ways excludes equality for women. 


We offer an example of privilege that was the core of the framers of the US Constitution. We have excerpted from an article that aims to show just how elitist and insensitive were the framers of the Constitution   If you wish to view the linked article you will find additional comment about African-Americans, Jews, Moslems, poor whites. These are very different groups for different screeds. we have omitted those groups. The Progressive Influence wishes to remain in the realm of the Native Americans - Honoring Our Ancestors and  Spirituality screed.

Equal Rights for Some

Excerpt

During and after the American Revolution, when the rich white men were writing theDeclaration of Independence and the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, many people who were not rich, or white, or men thought maybe this was their chance to get equal rights too. They wrote to the men who were writing the Constitution and asked them to give women, and black people, and poor people, Jews, and Native Americans equal rights with rich white men. These people did win some rights for themselves, but they couldn't get equal rights with rich white men. 

Women:
Abigail Adams
In 1776, Abigail Adams wrote to her husband, John Adams, who was one of the men writing the Constitution, to ask him "in the new Code of Laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make I desire you would Remember the Ladies." But even though John Adams loved his wife very much and asked her for advice all the time, he answered, " As to your extraordinary Code of Laws, I cannot but laugh...We know better than to repeal our masculine systems," (see the letter here) and he did not include any rights for women in the Constitution. Abigail tried again, "I can not say that I think you very generous to the Ladies, for whilst you are proclaiming peace and good will to Men, Emancipating all Nations, you insist upon retaining an absolute power over Wives" (see the letter here). Mercy Otis Warren also tried to improve the legal position of women. But women could not vote until 1920, or be elected as President or as Senators or anything else. 

Excerpt

Native Americans:

Like women and black people, Native Americans were not allowed to vote in the first hundred years of the United States government. John Adams was surprised to find that, because the Declaration of Independence said all men were created equal, even "Indians slighted their Guardians and Negroes grew insolent to their Masters." (see the letter here) The Constitution (Article I, section 2) says that "Indians not taxed" should not even be counted in the census at all. The men who wrote the Constitution thought that Native Americans belonged to their own group, and were not part of the United States at all: they were not American citizens. Native American men did not get the right to vote until 1889, and then only if they left their tribes and lived like white men. It was 1924 before tribal Indians could vote.

Is there any wonderment about the accurate portrayal of the NAHOANS screed? The framers of the Constitution literally set the stage for "Manifest Destiny" that consumed many whites in the early nation and facilitated absolute and unyielding genocide against First Nation Native Americans. We at the TPI refuse to use the words "Founding Fathers" for one simple fact. Of the 79 members of the Continental Congress, 16 owned slaves and four of that sixteen became US Presidents.  There is no room for 'Founding Fathers' In our vernacular. True fathers or patriarchs do not own human beings and they do not practice genocide against a People.

Eagle Chief (Letakos-Lesa) Pawnee

"In the beginning of all things, wisdom and knowledge were with the animals, for Tirawa, the One Above, did not speak directly to man. He sent certain animals to tell men that he showed himself through the beast, and that from them, and from the stars and the sun and moon should man learn.. all things tell of Tirawa. 

All things in the world are two. In our minds we are two, good and evil. With our eyes we see two things, things that are fair and things that are ugly.... We have the right hand that strikes and makes for evil, and we have the left hand full of kindness, near the heart. One foot may lead us to an evil way, the other foot may lead us to a good. So are all things two, all two."


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Tuesday, January 1, 2013

Emancipation Proclamation ..150 Years Ago Today

January 1, 2013...150 years after President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation.



Proclamation Text

  

Emancipation Proclamation
Whereas on the 22nd day of September, A.D. 1862, a proclamation
was issued by the President of the United States, containing,
among other things, the following, to wit:

"That on the 1st day of January, A.D. 1863, all persons held as
slaves within any State or designated part of a State the people
whereof shall then be in rebellion against transparent the United States shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.

"That the executive will on the 1st day of January aforesaid,
by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any,
in which the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in
rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any State
or the people thereof shall on that day be in good faith
represented in the Congress of the United States by members
chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified
voters of such States shall have participated shall, in the
absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive
evidence that such State and the people thereof are not then
in rebellion against the United States."

Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United
States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-In-Chief
of the Army and Navy of the United States in time of actual armed
rebellion against the authority and government of the United States,
and as a fit and necessary war measure for supressing said
rebellion, do, on this 1st day of January, A.D. 1863, and in
accordance with my purpose so to do, publicly proclaimed for the
full period of one hundred days from the first day above mentioned,
order and designate as the States and parts of States wherein the
people thereof, respectively, are this day in rebellion against
the United States the following, to wit:

Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana (except the parishes of St. Bernard,
Palquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James, Ascension, Assumption, Terrebone, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the city of New Orleans), Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia (except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkeley, Accomac, Morthhampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Anne, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth), and which excepted parts are for the present left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.

And by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid, I do
order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said
designated States and parts of States are, and henceforward shall
be, free; and that the Executive Government of the United States,
including the military and naval authorities thereof, will
recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.

And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to
abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defence; and
I recommend to them that, in all case when allowed, they labor
faithfully for reasonable wages.

And I further declare and make known that such persons of
suitable condition will be received into the armed service of
the United States to garrison forts, positions, stations, and
other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.

And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice,
warranted by the Constitution upon military necessity, I invoke
the considerate judgment of mankind and the gracious favor
of Almighty God.

Prepared by Gerald Murphy (The Cleveland Free-Net - aa300) Distributed by the Cybercasting Services Division of the National Public Telecomputing Network (NPTN) 


Boston Athenaeum
 

WIKIhistoria Emancipation Proclamation 


________________________________________

"King Abraham" Before and After Issuing the Emancipation Proclamation

1862
SOUTHERN ILLUSTRATED NEWS

This political cartoon from a Southern newspaper reveals what many Southerners thought of Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation. The depiction of Lincoln as a devil with a mask illustrates how many Southerners viewed Lincoln.
"King Abraham" Before and After Issuing the Emancipation Proclamation
________________________________________

Original Proclamation handwritten draft Page 1 (Click Once and Click new image again)


Page 2 
Page 3
Page 4
Page 5 
________________________________________

Proclamation PBS video (Brief)
 
More (brief)


More (Brief)

Watch Lincoln Announces Freedom on PBS. See more from American Experience.




And America retained its privilege over a people.  Fortunately, the new bondage was not wide spread. Linked (90 minutes) "Slavery By another Name" (Full program)



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