The Pardu

The Pardu
Watchful eyes and ears feed the brain, thus nourishing the brain cells.
Showing posts with label Culture and Spirituality. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Culture and Spirituality. Show all posts

Sunday, May 5, 2013

Prose From An American Genocide

POIGNANT and time proven resilience.  On the day before US History was tragically archived at the Little Bighorn (in 1876), we post evidence of a strong desire for a people to be left alone and free to avoid life on a reservation.  


Native American - Honoring our Ancestors, Culture & SpiritualityIf the white man wants to live in peace with the Indian, he can live in peace...
Treat all men alike. 
Give them all the same law. 
Give them all an even chance
to live and grow. All men were made by
the same Great Spirit Chief. 
They are all brothers. 
The Earth is the mother of all people, and all people should have equal rights upon it....
Let me be a free man, free to travel, free to stop, free to work, free to trade where I choose my own teachers, free to follow the religion of my fathers,free to think and talk and act for myself, and I will obey every law, or submit to the penalty.
Heinmot Tooyalaket ( Chief Joseph), Nez Perce Leader
If the white man wants to live in peace with the Indian, he can live in peace...
Treat all men alike. Give them all the
same law. Give them all an even chance
to live and grow.All men were made by
the same Great Spirit Chief.
They are all brothers. The Earth is the mother of all people, and all people should have equal rights upon it....
Let me be a free man,free to travel,
free to stop,free to work,free to trade where I choose my own teachers, free to follow the religion of my fathers,free to think and talk and act for myself, and I will obey every law, or submit to the penalty.

Heinmot Tooyalaket ( Chief Joseph), Nez Perce Leader
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Wednesday, March 6, 2013

Andrew Jackson...Native American - Honoring our Ancestors, Culture & Spirituality






Native American - Honoring our Ancestors, Culture & Spirituality
Native American - Honoring our Ancestors, Culture & Spirituality

Right now our Country is busy preparing for the 246th birthday celebration of our 7th President of the United States, Andrew Jackson which will take place all across the Nation on the March 15th. To this day many Americans still continue to think of Andrew Jackson as some great American hero, a true and honored leader....a true "Patriot." Here is the real truth about Andrew Jackson's history. An "American History" that IS omitted from the history books and is NOT taught in school:

This is Andrew Jackson, our 7th President of the United States whose face gloriously adorns the $20 bill. He is also recognized and honored as a great American hero by statues, on memorials, and in paintings. And.....YES, he is even in our wallets!!! Andrew Jackson earned his fame as an "Indian fighter" in the US army. One known fact about Andrew Jackson is, unlike previous Presidents, he DID NOT defer to Congress in policy-making but rather used his "POWER OF THE VETO" and his party leadership to assume his own command to suit his needs. Jackson executed many of his enemies without any due process and regularly settled his own personal disputes by deadly duels, and was once again rewarded for his atrocities and crimes against humanity by being elected to a 2nd term in office.

Andrew Jackson was a wealthy slave owner and an infamous Indian killer, gaining the nickname ‘Sharp Knife’ from the Cherokee. He was also the founder of the Democratic Party, demonstrating that genocide against indigenous people is a nonpartisan issue. His first effort at Indian fighting was waging a war against the Creeks. President Jefferson had appointed him to appropriate Creek and Cherokee lands. In his brutal military campaigns against the Natives, Andrew Jackson recommended that troops systematically kill Native women and children after the massacres in order to "complete the extermination." The Creeks lost 23 million acres of land in southern Georgia and central Alabama, paving the way for cotton plantation slavery. But this was not enough for Andrew Jackson to satisfy his greed as he then set his greedy eyes on the Spanish territory of Florida, home to the Seminole Indians.

Many of the black slaves "owned' during Jackson's "reign of terror" had already managed to escape from their bondages in Georgia and Alabama and fled to live with the Seminoles in the Spanish territory of Florida. The original "runaways" and their descendants over the years managed to establish a very peaceful black farming community deep inside the Seminole territory. This did not set too well with Jackson. He took an army of Southern whites illegally into Seminole territory and viciously attacked the peaceful black farming community, murdering and slaughtering 270 men, women and children. Jackson then took the slaves who had managed to survive his vicious attack back to Georgia and Alabama and literally "gave them away" to ANY wealthy white plantation owner who claimed to be an "original owner" or a descendant of an "original owner" of the original runaways!!! 

In 1830, a year after being elected President, Andrew Jackson signed a law that he had proposed – the "Indian Removal Act", which legalized "ethnic cleansing." Within the next seven years 46,000 Indigenous People were forcefully removed from their homelands east of the Mississippi. Wealthy white Southerners wanted to expand their profitable and fertile slave-based plantations and needed the these Native lands to do it. These Native lands were home to the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole nations. This forced removal, known as the Trail of Tears gave 25 million acres of Native lands to these wealthy white Southerners. In the Trail of Tears, over 4,000 Native men, women and children died of cold by exposure to the harsh winter temperatures, inadequate clothing, lack of blankets, starvation, and to diseases of the white man as they were forced to walk the 100's and 100's of miles from their fertile Native homelands to the western, most dry, unyielding and barren lands now known as Oklahoma.

I often wonder how many of our current members of congress still consider Andrew Jackson to be some kind of great American patriot? Why is Andrew Jackson's DARK and SHAMEFULL history still being omitted from our History books and not taught to our children in school? My belief is it is much too shameful to acknowledge and teach to our children!! It is much easier for them to continue to cast a more favorable light on this murderer rather than teach them of the true atrocities of Andrew Jackson and his crimes against humanity that occurred during the colonization process of the American Continent. It is true to say that this countries "other founding forefathers" also committed crimes against humanity, but Andrew Jackson holds the top honor in this country's "HALL OF SHAME"!!! 

No birthday celebrations here for Andrew Jackson!!!! Just the facts!!!! If you agree with this post, by all means like and share it. Let's see just many this can reach before the birthday celebrations begin on March 15th. Share the real truth and then feel free to post the link to this page on any site you see fit to do so!!! Many thanks and much Love & Peace to all!!!

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Thursday, February 14, 2013

Black Mexicans???? (Enlightening!)

Cross posted from
Native American - Honoring our Ancestors, Culture & Spirituality...and the researchers and developer of the web page has scored the most interesting find, I have read in years!






Native American - Honoring our Ancestors, Culture & Spirituality

Africa's Legacy in Mexico

Black people in Mexico? The looks of amazement and disbelief on the faces of first-time viewers of any of Tony Gleaton's photographs are eloquent testimony to the true significance of some of Gleaton's images. Particularly to those who have little or no knowledge about societies beyond the borders of the United States, his photographs are a revelation. They force us to rethink many of our preconceptions not only about our southern neighbor but more generally about issues such as race, ethnicity, culture, and national identity.

Yanga, a town in the state of Veracruz on Mexico's gulf coast has received considerable attention as one of the Americas' earliest "maroon communities": settlements founded by "fugitive slaves." Originally known as San Lorenzo de los Negros, in 1932 the town was renamed Gaspar Yanga, for its founder, a rebellious man from what is now known as Nigeria. In 1609, after resisting recapture for 38 years, Yanga negotiated with the Spaniards to establish a free black community. 

A statue of Gaspar Yanga stands on the outskirts of the town, more a testimony to the persistence of a few Mexican anthropologists who "re-discovered" the place than to the true historical memory of its towns original founders' and their descendants.

The story of Yanga and his followers is truly remarkable. The town's relative isolation is the reason for its founding and for its continued existence as a predominately black enclave. Fugitive slave communities were commonly established in difficult-to-reach areas in order to secure their inhabitants from recapture.

Mexico's African presence has been relegated to an obscured slave past, pushed aside in the interest of a national identity based on a mixture of indigenous and European cultural mestizaje. In practice, this ideology of "racial democracy" favors the European presence; too often the nation's true glorious indigenous past is reduced to mere folklore and ceremonial showcasing. The handling of the African "third root" is even more dismissive. For all intents and purposes the biological, cultural, and material contributions of more than 200,000 Africans and their descendants to the formation of Mexican society do not figure in the equation at all. Why? Because they live as their neighbors live, carry out the same work, eat the same foods, and make the same music, it is assumed that blacks have assimilated into "Mexican" society. The truth of the matter is, they are very much a part of THE Mexican society. The historical record offers compelling evidence that Africans and their descendants contributed enormously to the very formation of Mexican culture.

When Yanga and his followers founded their settlement , the population of Mexico City consisted of approximately 36,000 Africans, 116,000 persons of African ancestry, and only 14,000 Europeans. Escaped slaves added to the overwhelming numbers in the cities, establishing communities in Oaxaca as early as 1523. Beyond their physical presence, Africans and their descendants interacted with indigenous and European peoples in forging nearly every aspect of society. Indeed, the states of Guerrero and Morelos bear the names of two men of African ancestry, heroes of the war of independence that made possible the founding of the republic of Mexico in 1821.

It is within this context that we must look at the above photograph of a grandmother and child, taken by Tony Gleaton. The faces in this image, ignored in the past, actually at one time ran the risk of being exoticized for being brought forward to applaud their "Africanness" while ignoring their "Mexicanness." The faces in photograph should remind us of the generations that preceded them. But we must not relegate them to history. As always, they still remain active participants in their world. To understand the implications of the people of Yanga, and of Cuajinicuilapa, El Ciruelo, Corralero, and other like communities, we must go beyond physical appearance, cease determining the extent of Africa's influence simply by how much one "looks" African and how much one "looks" Mexican, and go forward and examine just what exactly is Mexico and who are it's people.

We may marvel at these relatively isolated communities that can still be found along the Pacific and gulf coasts. But the greater significance is the recognizing of the myriad forms that mark the African presence in Mexican culture, past and present and future. Many of these people are still waiting to be discovered and recognized by the likes of other people like Tony Gleaton......
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Thank You 
Native American - Honoring our Ancestors, Culture & Spirituality for all you do, in informing people and via information bringing people together.  ~ The Pardu

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Saturday, February 9, 2013

Ancestry And History Forgotten Will Be History Lost!








Unraveling the Origins of the Mysterious ancient Olmec People


The ancient Olmec civilization thrived from about 1500 BCE to about 400 BCE in the south-central American regions knows and identified today as Vera Cruz and Tabasco, México. The ancient Olmec Natives are believed to be the 1st of the Mesoamerican civilizations, from which many other civilizations and cultures developed. It is also known from the archeological information derived from ancient Olmec cities that their culture and civilization had trade routes spanning at least as far as Guatemala. Many artistic representations of the ancient Olmec people bear Ethiopian features, leading many researchers to speculate that the fore-bearers of the Olmec's were great travelers.


There are many ancient ruins sites throughout the area known today as Veracruz, México. If you ask most people today about their knowledge of the ancient cultures in México, most will automatically respond to and refer to the Mayan and the Aztec civilizations. True, but the fact is in the area now known as Veracruz, México, other ancient cultures had also flourished as well, those being the Huasteca, Totonac, and very ancient Olmec people. In fact, the Olmec people are considered to be the oldest known culture in all of the American continent. They are believed to be the first of the Mesoamerican civilizations from which most other civilizations developed thereafter. Most of the artistic representations of these ancient Olmec people bear Ethiopian features, leading many researchers to only speculate that the fore-bearers of the Olmec's were great travelers. It is also known from the archeological information derived from ancient Olmec cities that the civilization had trade routes spanning at least as far as Guatemala.


It is believed the spirituality of the ancient Olmec people closely resembles the Shamanism of the Native American cultures in which humans take on certain features of revered animals. In the case of the Olmec people, their most powerful animal spirit was the Jaguar.


In northern Veracruz, México there is a huge ruins site known as El Tajin. In southern Veracruz, México giant carved stone heads were found dating back to the Olmec period around 1250 B.C. Some are burial sites and some have impressive stone pyramids, temples, ball courts, and stories of human sacrifices to their gods carved in stone.


Modern "scholars" today are completely baffled by the true origins of these mysterious Olmec people. They cannot explain how a megalithic culture suddenly "appeared", fully formed and fully functional in Mesoamerica. The huge African-looking stone heads along side the obviously Caucasian looking stone heads on the stelae of La Venta and Monte Alban only further the confusion and continue to baffle archaeologists and anthropologists today. Instead of taking heed of the Native traditions and the works of the earliest historians of the Middle Ages, these modern "experts" today are literally stumbling around in darkness, capable of only inventing hypothesis after hypothesis which neither satisfy nor solve the riddles of the ancient Olmec people. So the mystery of these mysterious people continue today.
Just thought I would introduce some of you to these ancient Olmec People who once inhabited the region known today as Veracruz, México . Not many people know about the Olmec's or that they even existed. I learned of the ancient Olmec's while tracing my own family ancestry as back as the history goes. My own father's family history only "suggests" ties and lineage to these ancient people through his grandmother. My great grandmother was a true born Native from Veracruz, México who had migrated here to the North America after meeting and marrying my great grandfather while he was visiting Veracruz as a "tourist" so many, many, many years go. They built their home raised their family here by working the lands by "share cropping" in East Texas. It was a hard life, according to my father, but they survived. After my great grandmother passed away at the age of 72, my great grandfather returned to Veracruz, México and he, too eventually passed away there years later and is buried there.
***Note to readers - I am sharing some of my own personal family history and ancestry, my father married my CHOCTAW mother in 1948 so my Native ancestry is a mix of both North and South American First Peoples and cultures so....absolute NATIVE PRIDE HERE!!

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Friday, February 8, 2013

L. Frank Baum: The Wizard of Oz Creator And Geoncide

Cross posted from Native American - Honoring our Ancestors, Culture & Spirituality



Did you know: L. Frank Baum ADVOCATED The Extermination Of Native Americans


There are not too many people who have not heard of the beloved childhood books "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" (1900), and the sequel that followed, "The Marvelous Land of Oz" (1904), both written by a man named L. Frank Baum. 

Before L. Frank Baum wrote the book "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz", he held the editors chair at a weekly newspaper called "The Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer" in South Dakota in the early 1890's, during the time of the "Indian Wars." Baum filled the pages of his newspaper with passionate essays, political poetry, satirical humor, and some of the most exuberant and inventive local reporting ever seen during that time period.

When L. Frank Baum learned of the killing of Sitting Bull and the massacre at Wounded Knee, his editorials took a severe turn, revealing his true character and he began filling his pages with editorials calling for the "killing each and every last Native American."

Here is a part of just ONE of the editorials he wrote after he learned of the death of Sitting Bull:

"The proud spirit of the original owners of these vast prairies inherited through centuries of fierce and bloody wars for their possessions, lingered last in the bosom of Sitting Bull. With Sitting Bull's fall, the nobility of the Redskin has been extinguished, and what few are left are a pack of whining curs who lick the hand that smites them. The Whites, by the law of conquest, by justice of civilization, are masters of the American continent, and the best safety of the frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the few remaining Indians. Just why not annihilation? Their glory has already fled, their spirits are broken, their manhood effaced; it is better that they die than live the miserable wretches that they are."


This is not an isolated opinion of L. Frank Baum. This is who Baum was. A cold blooded monster, a highly racist white supremacist who also just so happened to also write beloved children's books! Most of us have either heard of or read these childhood books. Many have passed them down to their own children. Maybe it's time for some of us to re-evaluate our true feelings of what we thought we knew about the person writing these "beloved children's books". The truth is, Mr. L. Frank Baum is DISGUSTING and a true DISGRACE to all Native & Indigenous People!! 

This is just my personal opinion.....
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Wednesday, February 6, 2013

Native American - Honoring our Ancestors, Culture Spirituality: A Place In US History


Cross posted from Native American - Honoring Our Ancestors, Culture & Spirituality

Photo: Mt. Rushmore - The Faces of Disgrace to Native & Indigenous Peoples

Mt. Rushmore is a desecration of our Sacred Mother Earth and a slap in the face of Lakota peoples everywhere. Documents have stated that Mt. Rushmore in the Black Hills of South Dakota is a shrine to democracy. As you read further, you will find that American was founded on the blood and lives of Native peoples. We question what type of democracy this shrine represents.
Those four faces carved on stolen Native lands supposedly represent the four most notable presidents in United States history. With their ideals and values defined through the study of Iroquois society, America's founding fathers are indebted to the Lakota and all Native peoples for their mere existence. 
The four founding forefathers, whose faces are so intricately carved into the rock all shared the same common characteristics. All four valued white supremacy and promoted the extirpation of Native society. Extirpation means: to become extinct. Extinction means that a species (Natives) have completely disappeared from the face of the earth i.e., GONE forever.
Our founding forefathers were staunchly anti-Indian advocates in that at one time or another, all four provided for the genocide against Native and Indigenous peoples of this hemisphere. Here they are:

George Washington...
In 1783, Washington's anti-Indian sentiments were apparent in his comparisons of Indians with wolves: "Both being beast of prey, though they differ in shape", he said. George Washington's policies of extermination were realized in his troops behaviors following a defeat. Troops would skin the bodies of Iroquois "from the hips downward to make boot tops or leggings". Indians who survived the attacks later re-named the nation's first president as "Town Destroyer". Approximately 28 of 30 Seneca towns had been destroyed within a five year period.

Thomas Jefferson...
In 1807, Thomas Jefferson instructed his War Department that, should any Indians resist against America stealing Indian lands, the Indian resistance must be met with "the hatchet". Jefferson continued, "And...if ever we are constrained to lift the hatchet against any tribe, " he wrote, "we will never lay it down till that tribe is exterminated, or is driven beyond the Mississippi." Jefferson, the slave owner, continued, "in war, they will kill some of us; we shall destroy all of them".
Abraham Lincoln...
In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln ordered the execution, by hanging, of 38 Dakota Sioux prisoners in Mankato, Minnesota. Most of those executed were spiritual men or political leaders of their tribe. None of them were responsible for committing the crimes they were accused of. This one act is deemed as the "Largest Mass Execution in U.S. History."

Theodore Roosevelt...
The fourth face you see carved on that rock is America's 1st  twentieth century president, an alleged American hero, and a Nobel peace prize recipient, Theodore Roosevelt. This Indian fighter firmly grasped the notion of Manifest Destiny saying that America's extermination of the Indians and thefts of their lands "was ultimately beneficial as it was inevitable". Roosevelt once said, "I don't go so far as to think that the only good Indians are dead Indians, but I believe nine out of ten are, and I shouldn't like to inquire too closely into the case of the tenth".

The apathy displayed by these founding fathers symbolize the demoralization related to racial superiority. Scholars point toward this racial polarization as evidence of the existence of Eugenics. Eugenics is a term for an old phenomena which asserts that Indian people should be exterminated because they are an inferior race of people.

Jefferson's suggestion to pursue the Indians to complete extermination. Since they were uttered by one of America's founding fathers, they conveniently have become lost to most historians in their insistent celebration of Jefferson's wisdom and humanity.

Roosevelt feared that American upper classes were being replaced by the "unrestricted breeding" of inferior racial stocks, the "utterly shiftless", and the "worthless".....




Mt. Rushmore - The Faces of Disgrace to Native & Indigenous Peoples

Mt. Rushmore is a desecration of our Sacred Mother Earth and a slap in the face of Lakota peoples everywhere. Documents have stated that Mt. Rushmore in the Black Hills of South Dakota is a shrine to democracy. As you read further, you will find that American was founded on the blood and lives of Native peoples. We question what type of democracy this shrine represents.

Those four faces carved on stolen Native lands supposedly represent the four most notable presidents in United States history. With their ideals and values defined through the study of Iroquois society, America's founding fathers are indebted to the Lakota and all Native peoples for their mere existence.

The four founding forefathers, whose faces are so intricately carved into the rock all shared the same common characteristics. All four valued white supremacy and promoted the extirpation of Native society. Extirpation means: to become extinct. Extinction means that a species (Natives) have completely disappeared from the face of the earth i.e., GONE forever.

Our founding forefathers were staunchly anti-Indian advocates in that at one time or another, all four provided for the genocide against Native and Indigenous peoples of this hemisphere. Here they are:

George Washington...
In 1783, Washington's anti-Indian sentiments were apparent in his comparisons of Indians with wolves: "Both being beast of prey, though they differ in shape", he said. George Washington's policies of extermination were realized in his troops behaviors following a defeat. Troops would skin the bodies of Iroquois "from the hips downward to make boot tops or leggings". Indians who survived the attacks later re-named the nation's first president as "Town Destroyer". Approximately 28 of 30 Seneca towns had been destroyed within a five year period.

Thomas Jefferson...
In 1807, Thomas Jefferson instructed his War Department that, should any Indians resist against America stealing Indian lands, the Indian resistance must be met with "the hatchet". Jefferson continued, "And...if ever we are constrained to lift the hatchet against any tribe, " he wrote, "we will never lay it down till that tribe is exterminated, or is driven beyond the Mississippi." Jefferson, the slave owner, continued, "in war, they will kill some of us; we shall destroy all of them".

Abraham Lincoln...
In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln ordered the execution, by hanging, of 38 Dakota Sioux prisoners in Mankato, Minnesota. Most of those executed were spiritual men or political leaders of their tribe. None of them were responsible for committing the crimes they were accused of. This one act is deemed as the "Largest Mass Execution in U.S. History."

Theodore Roosevelt...
The fourth face you see carved on that rock is America's 1st twentieth century president, an alleged American hero, and a Nobel peace prize recipient, Theodore Roosevelt. This Indian fighter firmly grasped the notion of Manifest Destiny saying that America's extermination of the Indians and thefts of their lands "was ultimately beneficial as it was inevitable". Roosevelt once said, "I don't go so far as to think that the only good Indians are dead Indians, but I believe nine out of ten are, and I shouldn't like to inquire too closely into the case of the tenth".

The apathy displayed by these founding fathers symbolize the demoralization related to racial superiority. Scholars point toward this racial polarization as evidence of the existence of Eugenics. Eugenics is a term for an old phenomena which asserts that Indian people should be exterminated because they are an inferior race of people.

Jefferson's suggestion to pursue the Indians to complete extermination. Since they were uttered by one of America's founding fathers, they conveniently have become lost to most historians in their insistent celebration of Jefferson's wisdom and humanity.

Roosevelt feared that American upper classes were being replaced by the "unrestricted breeding" of inferior racial stocks, the "utterly shiftless", and the "worthless".....
_________________________


We Thank Native American - Honoring our Ancestors, Culture & Spirituality for permission to share their screeds. First Nation Indigenous People deserve a far greater share in US History than has been given via those who shaped our written history.


Those same people wrote history books, developed video, and promulgated a history that fit their beliefs systems, paradigm and their views of life. Life that excludes equality for people of color and in many ways excludes equality for women. 


We offer an example of privilege that was the core of the framers of the US Constitution. We have excerpted from an article that aims to show just how elitist and insensitive were the framers of the Constitution   If you wish to view the linked article you will find additional comment about African-Americans, Jews, Moslems, poor whites. These are very different groups for different screeds. we have omitted those groups. The Progressive Influence wishes to remain in the realm of the Native Americans - Honoring Our Ancestors and  Spirituality screed.

Equal Rights for Some

Excerpt

During and after the American Revolution, when the rich white men were writing theDeclaration of Independence and the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, many people who were not rich, or white, or men thought maybe this was their chance to get equal rights too. They wrote to the men who were writing the Constitution and asked them to give women, and black people, and poor people, Jews, and Native Americans equal rights with rich white men. These people did win some rights for themselves, but they couldn't get equal rights with rich white men. 

Women:
Abigail Adams
In 1776, Abigail Adams wrote to her husband, John Adams, who was one of the men writing the Constitution, to ask him "in the new Code of Laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make I desire you would Remember the Ladies." But even though John Adams loved his wife very much and asked her for advice all the time, he answered, " As to your extraordinary Code of Laws, I cannot but laugh...We know better than to repeal our masculine systems," (see the letter here) and he did not include any rights for women in the Constitution. Abigail tried again, "I can not say that I think you very generous to the Ladies, for whilst you are proclaiming peace and good will to Men, Emancipating all Nations, you insist upon retaining an absolute power over Wives" (see the letter here). Mercy Otis Warren also tried to improve the legal position of women. But women could not vote until 1920, or be elected as President or as Senators or anything else. 

Excerpt

Native Americans:

Like women and black people, Native Americans were not allowed to vote in the first hundred years of the United States government. John Adams was surprised to find that, because the Declaration of Independence said all men were created equal, even "Indians slighted their Guardians and Negroes grew insolent to their Masters." (see the letter here) The Constitution (Article I, section 2) says that "Indians not taxed" should not even be counted in the census at all. The men who wrote the Constitution thought that Native Americans belonged to their own group, and were not part of the United States at all: they were not American citizens. Native American men did not get the right to vote until 1889, and then only if they left their tribes and lived like white men. It was 1924 before tribal Indians could vote.

Is there any wonderment about the accurate portrayal of the NAHOANS screed? The framers of the Constitution literally set the stage for "Manifest Destiny" that consumed many whites in the early nation and facilitated absolute and unyielding genocide against First Nation Native Americans. We at the TPI refuse to use the words "Founding Fathers" for one simple fact. Of the 79 members of the Continental Congress, 16 owned slaves and four of that sixteen became US Presidents.  There is no room for 'Founding Fathers' In our vernacular. True fathers or patriarchs do not own human beings and they do not practice genocide against a People.

Eagle Chief (Letakos-Lesa) Pawnee

"In the beginning of all things, wisdom and knowledge were with the animals, for Tirawa, the One Above, did not speak directly to man. He sent certain animals to tell men that he showed himself through the beast, and that from them, and from the stars and the sun and moon should man learn.. all things tell of Tirawa. 

All things in the world are two. In our minds we are two, good and evil. With our eyes we see two things, things that are fair and things that are ugly.... We have the right hand that strikes and makes for evil, and we have the left hand full of kindness, near the heart. One foot may lead us to an evil way, the other foot may lead us to a good. So are all things two, all two."


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