The Pardu

The Pardu
Watchful eyes and ears feed the brain, thus nourishing the brain cells.
Showing posts with label l. Show all posts
Showing posts with label l. Show all posts

Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Trumpism, GOPism, And A Reeling Nation

If we do not learn from our past mistakes and social indifference, we are bound to repeat past horrors.

Lawrence W. Britt 14 Characteristics of Fascism
Ah, let's take a look. A biased look but a look nonetheless.

Growing Ideology The Ugliness of it all 
Trump's heinous nationalist lie "Make America Great Again" 
Impact on US Tourism 

The Progressive Influence

The Nation What Trump Really Means 
Identification of Enemies/Scapegoats
Trump's Muslim ban: 

Military supremacy
Trump and military spending 

Rampant Sexism
Trumpism is the embodiment of Sexism
Vanity  Fair 

The Telegraph UK 

The Atlantic 
"Grab em by the Pussy" 
Controlled Mass Media
Trumps'efforts to control US media ("Fake News") 
Bill Moyers dot com 

Washington Post 
Obsession With National Security
White House dot gov.

President Trump: Making America Safe Again |

Facebook Image (Not iva White House dot gov.
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The Chicago Tribune

Donald Trump's peculiar obsession with authoritarian leaders

Corporate Power Is Protected
The New York Times


Religion And Government (are intertwined)
Disdain for Intellectuals and the Arts (Part I)


Why do conservatives want the government to defund the arts


Trump Reportedly Plans To End National Arts Funding 

Disdain for Intellectuals and the Arts (Part II)
Trump and funding for the arts. 
Obsession with Crime and Punishment
Trump via Sessions and advancement of policy which will have disparate impact on minorities


The Washington Post

US News
Labor Power Is Suppressed
Fraudulent Elections
The Washington Post

 For Trump, a new 'rigged' system: The election itself ...

The Nation 

Fact Check dot org 
Rampant Cronyism
Disdain for Human Rights

Human Rights Watch 

Trump Administration: The First 100 Days 

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Thursday, August 27, 2015

Presidential Pardons May Not Come Fairly (ProPublica)

 “This story was originally published by ProPublica."

(Re-post images are not the same as the original 2011 post.)

Presidential Pardons Heavily Favor Whites

by Dafna Linzer and Jennifer LaFleur
ProPublica, Dec. 3, 2011, 11 p.m.

First of two parts. Part two here. This story was co-published with The Washington Post.

White criminals seeking presidential pardons over the past decade have been nearly four times as likely to succeed as minorities, a ProPublica examination has found.

Blacks have had the poorest chance of receiving the president's ultimate act of mercy, according to an analysis of previously unreleased records and related data.

Current and former officials at the White House and Justice Department said they were surprised and dismayed by the racial disparities, which persist even when factors such as the type of crime and sentence are considered.

"I'm just astounded by those numbers," said Roger Adams, who served as head of the Justice Department's pardons office from 1998 to 2008. He said he could think of nothing in the office's practices that would have skewed the recommendations. "I can recall several African Americans getting pardons."

The review of applications for pardons is conducted almost entirely in secret, with the government releasing scant information about those it rejects.

ProPublica's review examined what happened after President George W. Bush decided at the beginning of his first term to rely almost entirely on the recommendations made by career lawyers in the Office of the Pardon Attorney.

The office was given wide latitude to apply subjective standards, including judgments about the "attitude" and the marital and financial stability of applicants. No two pardon cases match up perfectly, but records reveal repeated instances in which white applicants won pardons with transgressions on their records similar to those of blacks and other minorities who were denied.

Senior aides in the Bush White House say the president had hoped to take politics out of the process and avoid a repetition of theMarc Rich scandal, in which the fugitive financier won an eleventh-hour pardon tainted by his ex-wife's donations to Democratic causes and the Clinton Presidential Library.

Justice Department officials said in a statement Friday that the pardon process takes into account many factors that cannot be statistically measured, such as an applicant's candor and level of remorse.

"Nonetheless, we take the concerns seriously," the statement said. "We will continue to evaluate the statistical analysis and, of course, are always working to improve the clemency process and ensure that every applicant gets a fair, merit-based evaluation."

Bush followed the recommendations of the pardons office in nearly every case, the aides said. The results, spread among hundreds of cases over eight years, heavily favored whites. President Obama -- who has pardoned 22 people, two of them minorities -- has continued the practice of relying on the pardons office.

"President Obama takes his constitutional power to grant clemency very seriously," said Matt Lehrich, a White House spokesman. "Race has no place in the evaluation of clemency evaluations, and the White House does not consider or even receive information on the race of applicants."
The president's power to pardon is enshrined in the Constitution. It is an act of forgiveness for a federal crime. It does not wipe away the conviction, but it does restore a person's full rights to vote, possess firearms and serve on federal juries. It allows individuals to obtain licensing and business permits and removes barriers to certain career opportunities and adoptions.

To assess how the pardons office selects candidates for pardons, ProPublica interviewed key officials, obtained access to thousands of pages of internal documents and used statistical tests to measure the effects of race and other factors on the outcome.

From 2001 to 2008, Bush issued decisions in 1,918 pardon cases sent to him by the Justice Department, most involving nonviolent drug or financial crimes. He pardoned 189 people - all but 13 of whom were white. Seven pardons went to blacks, four to Hispanics, one to an Asian and one to a Native American.

Fred Fielding, who served as Bush's White House counsel, said the racial disparity "is very troubling to me and will be to [Bush], because we had no idea of the race of any applicant."

"The names were colorblind to us," Fielding said, "and we assumed they would be at all levels of clemency review."

Beginning in September 2010, the Justice Department was required to make available the names of people denied pardons. Bush's pardon decisions were selected to examine the impact of the pardons office's recommendations over a president's full term and to test how well the office met the president's goal of assuring fairness in the process.

The department does not reveal race or any additional information that would identify an applicant, citing privacy grounds. To analyze pardons, ProPublica selected a random sample of nearly 500 cases decided by Bush and spent a year tracking down the age, gender, race, crime, sentence and marital status of applicants from public records and interviews.

In multiple cases, white and black pardon applicants who committed similar offenses and had comparable post-conviction records experienced opposite outcomes.

An African American woman from Little Rock, fined $3,000 for underreporting her income in 1989, was denied a pardon; a white woman from the same city who faked multiple tax returns to collect more than $25,000 in refunds got one. A black, first-time drug offender -- a Vietnam veteran who got probation in South Carolina for possessing 1.1 grams of crack - was turned down. A white, fourth-time drug offender who did prison time for selling 1,050 grams of methamphetamine was pardoned.

All of the drug offenders forgiven during the Bush administration at the pardon attorney's recommendation - 34 of them - were white.

Turning over pardons to career officials has not removed money and politics from the process, the analysis found. Justice Department documents show that nearly 200 members of Congress from both parties contacted the pardons office regarding pending cases. In multiple instances, felons and their families made campaign contributions to the lawmakers supporting their pleas. Applicants with congressional support were three times as likely to be pardoned, the statistical analysis shows.

In reviewing applicants, pardon lawyers rely on their discretion in ways that favor people who are married and who have never divorced, declared bankruptcy or taken on large amounts of debt. The intent, officials say, is to reward people who demonstrated "stability" after their convictions. But the effect has been to exclude large segments of society.

The ProPublica data show that applicants whose offense was older than 20 years had the best odds of a pardon. Married people, those who received probation rather than prison time, and financially stable applicants also fared better. When the effects of those factors and others were controlled using statistical methods, however, race emerged as one of the strongest predictors of a pardon.

Read More at break below